POPULATION 18 million
CAPITAL Nur-Sultan
LANGUAGE Kazakh; Russian

The influx of Arabs to Central Asia in the 8th century marked the beginning of Islam. Initially gaining control in the southern part of Turkestan and subsequently spread towards the north. The late 14th century saw the Golden Horde disseminating the religion between the Kazakhs and other Central Asian communities. The Russian effect in the 18th century observed a rapid upsurge toward Islam, in permitting the religion with affiliates of the Muslim clergy invited to preach. Following the escalation, the Russian policy progressively shifted in abating Islam. Consequently, Kazakh religious leaders endeavored in conveying religious enthusiasm by embracing Pan-Turkism. With the fall of the USSR, unwavering efforts by the Kazakhs is evident in bracing Islam.

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